List of subject articles Urban planning


    • Open Access Article

      1 - Spatial-temporal Analysis Hotspots Theft Crime in the City of semnan
      Esmaeil  Najafi Keramatalah Zayyari Ali Reza Darban Astaneh
      Background and Purpose:Nowadays the problem of increasing the rate of delinquency and social deviations is one of the most important and most fundamental problem in many cities in the world. After years criminologists have found that certain locations effect on crime. S Full Text
      Background and Purpose:Nowadays the problem of increasing the rate of delinquency and social deviations is one of the most important and most fundamental problem in many cities in the world. After years criminologists have found that certain locations effect on crime. So in recent years researches about the interaction between the physical environment of cities and social ills and crime has become increasingly important. Theft is one of the most important types of crime and delinquency. There are a variety of different forms of theft at the community level. Method:This study, Identifying and Spatial-temporal Analysis of urban Crime Hotspots, have been conducted in Semnan. Geographical information system and SPSS software are used in this study to do spatial and temporal analyze. In this study some crimes have been studied as a sample that took place in legal limit of Semnan city in range of 1394/1/1 until 1394/29/12. Then after preparing a database of theft and using statistical and graphical tests, crime hotspots have been identified and analyzed in a spatial way in Semnan city. This is a descriptive and analytical research and data is provided by library and statistical information and field observations. Findings and results:The results showed that the urban crime hotspots of Semnan are in the Imam street. With more details this area extends from Imam square to Mazandaran crossroad. These hotspots also lay in Semnan market. This market is in the crowded and bustling part of city and has mostly commercial function and unsuitable physical structure. It is cleared that in terms of time, the highest rate of theft in Semnan city had occurred in warm months of year as well as the initial days of the week. The results showed that most of thefts had occurred in a time between 9 A.M until 13 P.M. Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      2 - Spatial study and analysis of digital divide and levels of development (Case study: Khuzestan province)
      saeed amanpour sara Amouzegar moslem arefi
      Today, ICT is considered as one of the most important indicators of development and plays a key role in the transformation of societies. Therefore, spatial analysis of this index is one of the basic necessities to understand the geographical changes of societies that mu Full Text
      Today, ICT is considered as one of the most important indicators of development and plays a key role in the transformation of societies. Therefore, spatial analysis of this index is one of the basic necessities to understand the geographical changes of societies that must be carefully examined. The purpose of this article, which is applied in terms of research, is to investigate the use of ICT indicators in the cities of Khuzestan province according to the extent to which they have development indicators. The technique of collecting statistics and information in this article is using documentary and library methods and studying the official publications of the country. The statistical population of the study is 24 cities of Khuzestan province and the indicators studied in this research are 18 information technology indicators and also 31 indicators to determine the levels of their development. In this study, due to development inequalities between the cities of the province, first the cities were divided into three groups based on the indicators of development: privileged, semi-privileged and deprived. To determine the amount of digital divide between cities in each group based on the degree of ICT indicators, the PROMTEHEE technique was used. The AHP method was used to weight the indicators used in the grading. The research results show that Ahvaz and Haftkol counties have the highest and lowest levels of development indicators, respectively, and Izeh, Shadegan and Indika counties have the highest counties and Abadan, Ramhormoz and Bavi counties are the most deprived in terms of ICT indicators among other counties. Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      3 - Analysis of the livability of mass housing (Case study: Bahar neighborhood of Isfahan)
      farzaneh dehghani gishi daryoush moradi
      Increasing population in cities has led to mass housing. Today, the erosion of dense areas and high-rise buildings are among the realities of large cities and have created special problems, problems and needs. Such tissues are facing a decrease in living conditions day Full Text
      Increasing population in cities has led to mass housing. Today, the erosion of dense areas and high-rise buildings are among the realities of large cities and have created special problems, problems and needs. Such tissues are facing a decrease in living conditions day by day. Because of physical deterioration, lack of proper facilities, services and urban infrastructure is vulnerable and has a low spatial, environmental and economic value. Bahar neighborhood, which is located in the south of Isfahan, after 47 years of its construction, has faced a decline in livability conditions, and these old buildings have created an unfavorable view for the 6th district of Isfahan. The main purpose of this study is to analyze the viability of residential components, production-service institutions and public housing, the condition of adapted ducts and decision-making structure. To evaluate the status of the mentioned indicators, questionnaires with a sample size 135 residents of Bahar neighborhood were compiled and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and mean test using SPSS software. According to the results of the study, the spatial-activity structure of housing and decision-making structure are the most important areas in poor condition, and dilapidated and low-durability buildings, lack of investment in housing, lack of participation of residents, low economic potential of residents Resident’s lack of trust in the municipality, the difficulty of obtaining a construction permit in the neighborhood is one of its most important components Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      4 - Investigating the factors affecting urban competitiveness in historical contexts Case study: The historical context of Amol
      saeed golzartaher فرزین  محمودی سیدمحمود میثاقی
      Today, urban competitiveness is the main challenge for city managers in achieving a decent position for cities. To this end, identifying the key components of promoting urban competitiveness is one of the key factors in maintaining and developing cities. This study seek Full Text
      Today, urban competitiveness is the main challenge for city managers in achieving a decent position for cities. To this end, identifying the key components of promoting urban competitiveness is one of the key factors in maintaining and developing cities. This study seeks to answer the question of what are the tools and factors affecting urban competitiveness in general and the contexts of urban competitiveness in the historical context of Amol city in particular. To answer these question, two field and library methods have been used to collect and analyze information and the research results have been obtained by descriptive-analytical method. The results of the research show that the historical context of Amol in the field of interaction, culture, traditions of local people as human factors affecting the competitiveness of cities, has great potential for the development of urban tourism. Also in the field of innovation, creativity and local talents, the historical context of Amol has talents such as having cultural and local industries and having traditional music, which can be considered for the development of urban entrepreneurship and urban branding, respectively. Therefore, the historical context of Amol has effective contexts on urban competitiveness in the province. Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      5 - Analyzing the quality of urban life from the perspective of complexity Case study: District 2, District 13 of Tehran Municipality))
      Keramatalah Zayyari Hossein Hataminejad hosein behbudi moghadam
      Quality of urban life is a multidimensional concept and includes various social, economic, political and physical dimensions. This diversity in dimensions causes quality of life planning to be influenced by different actors and factors and crystallized with complex feat Full Text
      Quality of urban life is a multidimensional concept and includes various social, economic, political and physical dimensions. This diversity in dimensions causes quality of life planning to be influenced by different actors and factors and crystallized with complex features such as Uncertainty, nonlinear growth and unpredictable capability. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to investigate the quality of urban life in District 2 of the Municipality of District 13 of Tehran and analyze the factors affecting it in terms of complexity. The method of data collection was based on questionnaires and interviews. Hierarchy and Expert Choice software and Mactor method are used. The statistical sample of the study includes 280 residents and 50 municipal experts in the 13th and 2nd districts. In the study of quality of life based on the results of AHP technique, it was found that in terms of quality of physical-spatial (objective) dimensions, environmental, socio-cultural and economic, Niroo havayi neighborhood and in terms of quality of physical-spatial (mental) dimensions of Piroozi neighborhood, They are considered the most desirable neighborhoods. However, in examining the factors affecting the quality of life, it was found that a variety of actors are involved in policies affecting the quality of urban life in Tehran and show different positions of convergence, divergence and competition towards quality of life policies. Such diversity in actors and convergence, divergence and competition in their stance on policies, indicate the diversity of elements of intervention in urban planning, especially quality of life. That is, the era of the idea of the city as a machine with executive tools such as comprehensive and detailed plans and static models is over, and evokes a new concept called the city as a complex system. Manuscript Document
    • Open Access Article

      6 - The role of the physical structure of contemporary mosques in promoting social capital Case study: Vali-e-Asr Mosque in Tehran
      Ehsan Ghorbani Mahmoud  Teymouri
      Social capital is formed and built in the heart of social relations, the sacred institution of the mosque plays an effective role in cohesion and solidarity between people, which is effective in the formation of commitment and cooperation between the people present in t Full Text
      Social capital is formed and built in the heart of social relations, the sacred institution of the mosque plays an effective role in cohesion and solidarity between people, which is effective in the formation of commitment and cooperation between the people present in the mosque. The present article aims to identify the effect of indicators of social capital promotion on the physical structure of contemporary mosques. Case study: Vali-Asr Mosque is on the agenda. This research is descriptive-analytical in terms of applied purpose and method. In this process, in accordance with the data required for the research, the library method and reference sources were used. The data collection tool was a general questionnaire among 375 people and the specialized questionnaire and Likert scale had five options. The first category includes specialists and city managers who are randomly selected by 50 people. The results obtained from the Demtel technique, such as the sense of belonging to the mosque, (15.17) commitment to voluntary organizations, (14.94) participation in religious affairs and celebrations, (14.58), the presence of collective spaces in the mosque, (14.58), are in the first to third places. And the factors that are positive indicate how effective they are. Among these, indicators such as the perception of common values, proper access to mosque facilities and facilities, the existence of collective spaces in the mosque, a sense of belonging to the mosque, the existence of leisure in the mosque, participation in religious affairs and celebrations are in the first place. Manuscript Document